Transgenetic in Aquaculture

Ludi Parwadani Aji


Transgenetika adalah sebuah proses untuk menciptakan organisme transgenik dimana material genetik dari organism lain dimasukkan kedalam organism lain. Hal ini membuat hewan transgenic mempunyai ciri yang lebih bagus dari hewan non-transgenik seperti ciri pertumbuhan yang lebih cepat, lebih tahan akan penyakit dan suhu dingin, peningkatan rata-rata konfersi makanan, kualitas daging yang lebih baik dan ciri khusus seperti peningkatan warna tubuh. Bagaimanapun juga, teknik transgenetika juga mempunyai efek negative terhadap lingkungan dan kesehatan manusia. Oleh sebab itu, pengelolaan atau manajemen terhadap teknik transgenetik seperti regulasi, penyesterilan hewan budidaya air hasil transgenetika atau memberi label kepada makanan hasil dari transgenetika sangat diperlukan. 

Full Text:



Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, 2010, Statistical query result capture: quantity. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, USA, viewed 5 August 2010,

Glik, D., 2008, Human population: Challenging the balance, viewed 9 August 2010,

Piferrer, F., A. Beaumont, J.-C. Falgui`ere, M. Flajshans, P. Haffray, L., Colombo, 2009, Polyploid fish and shellfish: Production, biology and applications to aquaculture for performance improvement and genetic containment, Aquaculture, 293, 125-156

Muir, W., R. Howard, 2002, Assessment of possible ecological risks and hazards of transgenic fish with implications for other sexually reproducing organisms, Transgenic Research, 11, 101-114

Devlin, R.H., L.F. Sundstrm, W.M. Muir, 2006, Interface of biotechnology and ecology for environmental risk assessments of transgenic fish, Trends in Biotechnology, 24, 89-97

Chen, H.-L., H.-S. Yang, H. Rang, H.-J. Tsai, 2006, Transfer of a foreign gene to Japanese abalone (Haliotis diversicolor supertexta) by direct testis-injection, Aquaculture, 253, 249-258

Hew, C.L., G.L. Fletcher, 2001, The role of aquatic biotechnology in aquaculture, Aquaculture, 197, 191-204

Miki, K., J. Miwa, N. Isowa, 2009, Transgenic mollusk and method for producing the same, viewed 5 August 2009,

Tsai, H.J., F.S. Tseng, 1994, Electroporation of a foreign gene into black porgy (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) embryos, Fish. Sci., 60, 787-788

Powers, D.A., V.L. Kirby, T. Cole, L. Hereford, 1995, Electroporation as an effective means of introducing DNA into abalone (Haliotis rufescens) embryos, Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotechnol., 4, 369-375

Buchanan, J.T., A.D. Nickens, R.K. Cooper, T.R. Tiersch, 2001, Transfection of eastern oyster ( Crassotrea virginica ) embryos, Marine Biotechnology, 3, 322-335

Wang, R.X., P.J. Zhang, Z. Gong, C.L. Hew, 1995, The expression of antifreeze protein gene in transgenic goldfish Carasius auratus and its implication in cold adaptation, Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotechnol., 4, 20-26

Liu, Z., J. Xiang, G. Zhou, Z. Gong, 2001, Foreign gene transfer into Chinese shrimps (Penaeus chinensis) with gene gun, Chin Sci Bull, 46:766-770

Dunham, R.A., 2009, Transgenic fish resistant to infectious diseases, their risk and prevention of escape into the environment and future candidate genes for disease transgene manipulation, Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 32, 139-161

Devlin, R.H., T.Y. Yesaki, C.A. Biagi, E.M. Donaldson, P. Swanson, W.-K. Chan, 1994, Extraordinary salmon growth, Nature, 371, 209-210

Venugopal, T., et al, 2004, Growth enhancement and food conversion efficiency of transgenic fish Labeo rohita, J. Exp. Zool., 301, 477-490

Martnez, R., J. Juncal, C. Zaldvar, A. Arenal, I. Guill´en, V. Morera, O. Carrillo, M. Estrada, A. Morales, M.P. Estrada, 2000, Growth efficiency in transgenic tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) carrying a single copy of an homologous cDNA growth hormone, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 267, 466-472

Zhu, Z., K. Xu, Y. Xie, G. Li, L. He, 1989, A model of transgenic fish, Sci. Sin. ZB., 2, 147-155

Nam, Y.K., J.K. Noh, Y.S. Cho, H.J. Cho, K.-N. Cho, C.G. Kim, D.S. Kim, 2001, Dramatically accelerated growth and extraordinary gigantism of transgenic mud loach Misgurnus mizolepis, Transgenic Research, 10, 353-362

Arenal, A., R. Pimentel, E. Pimentel, L. Martn, D. Santiesteban, R. Franco, P. Alestrm, 2008, Growth enhancement of shrimp (Litopenaeus schmitti) after transfer of tilapia growth hormone gene, Biotechnology Letters, 30, 845-851

Gong, Z., H. Wan, T.L. Tay, H. Wang, M. Chen, T. Yan, 2003, Development of transgenic fish for ornamental and bioreactor by strong expression of fluorescent proteins in the skeletal muscle, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 308, 58-63

Cortemeglia, C., T. Beitinger, 2006, Susceptibility of transgenic and wildtype Zebra Danios, Danio rerio, to predation, Environmental Biology of Fishes, 76, 93-100

Cook, J.T., M.A. McNiven, G.F. Richardson, A.M. Sutterlin, 2000, Growth rate, body composition and feed digestibility/conversion of growth-enhanced transgenic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Aquaculture, 188, 15-32

Ewen, S.W.B., A. Pusztai, 1999, Health risks of genetically modified foods, The Lancet, 354, 684-684

Dona, A., I.S. Arvanitoyannis, 2009, Health risks of genetically modified foods, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 49, 164 - 175



  • There are currently no refbacks.





Creative Commons License

Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS) Published by UP2M, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats