Pemanfaatan Hewan Sebagai Obat Tradisional oleh Etnik Lom di Bangka

Budi Afriyansyah, Nur Annis Hidayati, Hapis Aprizan

Abstract


Knowledge about the use of animals as a traditional medicine is benefit to society and must be saved. This knowledge can be used as a source of reference for researchers in the development of science and alternative ideas in the present. The purpose of this study were reveal diversity of animal drug ethnic Lom in Bangka and Lom ethnic knowledge traditional in Bangka about diversity of animal drug and used of animals as a traditional medicine. Research was conducted from January to May 2015 in Air Abik, Pejem, and Mapur village. Methods used in this research were purposive sampling (determine informans), interview and direct obeservation. Result showed that ethnic Lom used 24 species animals as medicine from 10 class in traditional medicine. The animal species most used is from the class of mammals (38%). Seen from habitat, animals are used as traditional medicines are mostly terrestrial animals (44%) are living wild in the woods. The most used animal that is part of the body (76%). Results of grouping by type of disease and the type of animals that have properties as a medicinal ingredient, there were 18 types of diseases that can be cured (medical or non-medical disease). Ethnic Lom had a good knowledge about the diversity of animal species and benefit of drugs, but this knowledge is declining and began to be forgotten by the people of ethnic Lom. The results of the interviews and observations in the field showed animal species of cacing tanah (Pheretima sp.) and undur-undur (Myrmeleon sp.) has the potential to be developed, not only as a animals drug used ethnic Lom communities but also can improve the economy of communities in the region.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adelia N. 2010. Pengetahuan Tradisional tentang Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan sebagai Obat oleh Suku Lom Dusun Air Abik Kecamatan Belinyu Bangka [Skripsi]. Balunijuk: Universitas Bangka Belitung.

Badge N, Jain S. 2013. An ethnozoological studies and medicinal values of vertebrate origin in the adjoining

areas of Pench National Park of Chhindwara District of Madhya Pradesh, India. Int. J. of Life Sciences1 (4): 278-

Chasanah T. 2010. Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Tradisional. http://bio.unsoed.ac.idpdf [23 Januari 2015]

Christina LS. 1991. Kunci Determinasi Serangga. Yogyakarta: Kanisius

[CITES] Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. 2007. Appendices

I, II and III. http://www.cites.org [15 Mei 2015]

Costa-Neto EM. 2005. Animal Base Medicines: Biological Propection and the Sustainable Use of Zootherapeutic Resources. An Acad Bras Cienc 77 (1): 33-43

Deqy TS. 2014. Korpus Mapur dalam Islamisasi Bangka. Yogyakarta: Ombak

Hamdani R, Tjong DH, Herwina H. 2013. Potensi Herpetofauna dalam Pengobatan Tradisional di Sumatera

Barat. Jurnal Biologi Universitas Andalas 2 (2): 110-117

Heyer WR, Donnelly MA, McDiarmid RW, Hayek LAC, Foster MS. 1994. Measuring and Monitoring Biological

Diversity Standard Methods for Amphibians. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Inger RF, Kong CP. 1962. The Fresh-Water Fishes of North Borneo. Chicago, United States of America: Chicago Natural History Museum Press

Inger RF. 1966. The Systematics and Zoogeography of The Amphibia of Borneo. Chicago, U.S.A.: Field Museum Press

[IUCN] International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 2001. The IUCN Red List of

Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org [15 Mei 2015]

Iskandar DT. 1998. Amfibi Jawa dan Bali. Bogor: Puslitbang Biologi

Kuntorini EM. 2005. Botani Ekonomi Suku Zingiberaceae sebagai Obat Tradisional oleh Masyarakat di Kotamadya Banjarbaru. J. Bioscientiae 2 (1): 25-36

Kusumawati D, Sardjana IKW. 2011. Bahan Ajar Satwa Liar. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press

Marinespecies. 2015. World Register of Marine Species. http://www.marinespecies.org [11 April 2015]

Mishra N, Rout SD, Panda T. 2011. Ethno-zoological studies and medicinal values of Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Orissa, India. http://www.academicjournals.org/ajpp [14 Maret 2015].

Moore J. 2006. An Introduction to the Invertebrates. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Narzary J, Bordoloi S.2014. Ethnozoological Practices on Frogs of BodoTribe from Kokrajhar District, Assam,

India. American Journal of Ethnomedicine1 (6) : 368- 370

Nuraini D. 2010. Inventarisasi Tumbuhan Obat di Kecamatan Air Gegas, Kecamatan Payung dan Kecamatan

Simpang Rimba, Kabupaten Bangka Selatan [skripsi]. Balunijuk: Universitas Bangka Belitung.

PUSDATINKOMTEL. 2013. Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. http://www.kemendagri.go.id/pages/profildaerah/provinsi/detail/19/kepulauan-bangka-belitung [23 Januari 2015]

Sari LORK. 2006. Pemanfaatan Obat Tradisional dengan Pertimbangan Manfaat dan Keamanannya. Majalah

Ilmu Kefarmasian 3 (1) : 1-7

Smedal OH. 1989. Order and Difference: An Ethnographic Study of Orang Lom of Bangka, West Indonesia.

http://www.anthrobase.com/Txt/S/Smedal_O_02.htm [5 Februari 2015]

Sukmawan S. 2008. Model-model Kajian Ekokritik Sastra. http://fib.ub.ac.id.pdf [23 Januari 2015]

Tim Peneliti Ristoja. 2013. Tumbuhan Obat Suku Lom Seri Tumbuhan Obat Bangka Belitung. Pangkalpinang:

UBB Press.

Verma AK, Prasad SB, Rongpi T, Arjun J. 2014. Traditional Healing with Animals (Zootherapy) by The Major

Ethnic Group of Karbi Anglong District of Assam, India. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical

Sciences6 (8): 593-600.

Vyas N, Mahawar MM, Jaroli DP. 2009. Traditional Medicines Derived from DomesticAnimals Used by Rebari

Community of Rajasthan, India. http://www.nepjol.info [14 Maret 2015]

Zulkarnain I, Franto. 2014. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat melalui Pemetaan Partisipatif untuk Identifikasi dan Pemetaan Wilayah Adat Suku Lom [Laporan KKN PPM]. Balunijuk: Universitas Bangka Belitung In Press

Zubaidah S, Norhusana AH, Hamamah FY. 2012. Penggunaan Haiwan bagi Perubatan Tradisional dalam

Kalangan Masyarakat Pribumi di Asia: Satu Ulasan. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 8 (3): 5




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36706/jps.v18i2.26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


   

  

 

 

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS) Published by UP2M, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats