Uji Aktivitas Antidiabetes Ekstrak Etanol Akar Kabau (Archidendron bubalinum (Jack) I.C. Nielsen) terhadap Tikus Putih Jantan yang Diinduksi Diet Tinggi Lemak dan Fruktosa

Annisa Amriani S, Fitrya Fitrya, Rennie Puspa Novita, Dapid Caniago


The purpose of this research to study the antidiabetic activity of extract in type 2 diabetes mellitus rats induced by high fat and fructose diet. Induction is done by giving fructose 1800 mg/kgBW and high fat (15% pork oil and 5% duck egg yolk) 15 g/rat for 30 days. Male Wistar albino rats are used as animal models which divide into 6 group, normal (aquadest), negative control (Na CMC 0,5%), positive control (Metformin 151,20 mg/kgBW), and 3 test (ethanol extract of kabau root 100, 200, and 400 mg/kgBW). Preprandial blood glucose levels are measured using DTN-410-K photometer, on day 0, 30, 35, 40, and 45. The result of AUC30-45 and percentage of decreasing blood glucose level for positive control group are 1727,01 and 73,29%, and 3 test group (100 mg/kgBW, 200 mg/kgBW, dan 400 mg/kgBW) are 1893,32 and 43,50%; 1849,14 and 51,41%; 1789,15 and 62,16%. This point indicate that ethanol extract of kabau root has an antidiabetic activity and there is no significant difference compared with metformin (p>0,05). According to the relation between percentage of blood glucose level with dose, value of ED50 is 194,64 mg/kgBW.


Keywords: ethanol extract, kabau root, antidiabetic, high fat and fructose diet

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26554/jps.v23i2.635


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