Keanekaragaman Jenis Ikan di Estuaria Sungai Musi, Pesisir Kabupaten Banyuasin, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

Moh. Rasyid Ridho, Enggar Patriono

Abstract


The research about fishes diversity in Musi River Estuarine, Coastal of Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera Province have been conducted in June and July 2013. The aim of the study was to analyze the diversity of fishes in Musi River Estuarine Coastal of Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera Province. The sample identification held in the Animal Taxonomy Laboratory of Biology Department of Sriwijaya University, Inderalaya. This research using the survey method and the sampling of fishes using the purposive sampling method. The sampling was conducted by using some equipments, such as belad, nets, and net barracks. From this research obtained there were 32 species, 438 individual included in 28 families of fishes. In June 2013, the diversity index (H') was 2,304, while the evenness index (E) was 0,958. In July 2013, the diversity index (H') was 2,561, while the evenness index (E) was 1,044. The relative abundance of species from June until July were (0,36 – 30,67) %. The better mangrove condition, the higher diversity index of fishes. The fish that the low abudance like Mystus is the fresh water fish; and the fishes like Arius venosus, Tachyleus sp, Trichiurus savala cuvier, Polynemus longipectoralis, Synaptura commersoniana and Himantura signifer are the marine fishes; and the fishes that the high abundance like Liza melinoptera, Coilia lindmoni, Paraplotosus are the estuarine fishes.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barnes, R.S. K and J. Green.1971. The Estuarine Environment. Applied Science Publishers. London.

Boyd, C. E. 1988. Water Quality in Warmwater Fish Ponds. Auburn University, Aquaculture Exp. Station. Alabama. USA: 359 halm.

Dahuri, R, J.R. Rais, S.P. Gintin, dan M.J. Sitepu. 2004. Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Wilayah Pesisir dan Lautan Secara Terpadu. PT. Pradnya Paramita. Jakarta: xii+323 halm.

Fatah, K, A. Karim Gaffar, and Rupawan. 2011. Selektivitas Alat Tangkap Tuguk (Filtering Device), Belad ( Beach Barrier Trap) Terhadap Jenis dan Ukuran Ikan Hasil Tangkapan di Estuaria Kabupaten Banyuasin. Journal Sains 4(2) Desember 2011: 3-10 halm. Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan. Palembang.

Gaffar, A. Karim, K. Fatah and Rupawan. 2007. Keragaman Jenis Ikan Hasil Tangkapan Dengan Belad di Estuaria Pantai Timur Kabupaten Banyuasin. Journal Sains 7(1) Juni 2007: 1-8 halm. Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan. Palembang.

Genisa, A. S. 1998. Keanekaragaman Ikan di Daerah Mangrove Sungai Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan. Journal Sains 6(1) September: 256-260 halm. Prosidding Seminar Ekosistem Mangrove Pekanbaru.

Gunarto. 2004. Konservasi Mangrove sebagai Pendukung Sumber Hayati Perikanan Pantai. Journal Litbang Pertanian 23(1) Februari: 1-22 halm. Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau, Sulawesi Selatan.

Katili, D.Y. 2011. Deskripsi Ikan Famili Mugilidae di Lima Muara Sungai di Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal Ilmiah Sains Vol. 11 No. 1, April 2011

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S. N. Kartikasari & S. Wijoatmodjo. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi (Ikan Air Tawar Indonesia Bagian Barat da n Sulawesi). Periplus Edition Limited. Jakarta: vii+293 halm.

Odum, E. P. 1996. Dasar-dasar Ekologi Edisi Ketiga. Gajah Mada University-Press. Yogyakarta: xv+697 halm.

Prianto, E, S. Kaban, S. Aprianti, dan R.J. Honnerie. 2011. Pengendalian Sumber Daya Ikan dI Estuaria Sungai Musi. Journal Perikanan 6(2) September 2011: 61-69 halaman. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan.Universitas Riau.

Ridho, M.R, L. Hakim, W. Sukresna dan E. Kurniawan. 2006. Monitoring dan Evaluasi CPUE Kapal < 30 GT Kabupaten OKI dan Banyuasin. Laporan Penelitian DKP Sumatera Selatan.

Smith, R. L. 1996. Ecology and Field Biology. Fifth Edition. Harper Collins Collage Publishers. Ney York: xix + 735 halm.

Supriharyono. 2000. Pelestarian dan Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam di Wilayah Pesisir Tropis. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Utomo, A. D. 2007. Dinamika Sumber Daya Perikanan di Estuaria. Journal Perikanan 3(1) April 2007: 7-12 halm. Pembangunan Kelautan Berbasis IPTEK dalam Rangka Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Pesisir, Universitas Hang Tuah.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS) Published by Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.